Advantages Of Aeration On Soils
Aeration is mostly done using manual or mechanized equipment’s and tools which removes cores in the soil or changes the packing of soil particles, this improves perforations through the soils which enhances better penetration of water, air and nutrients in the soil.
Fertilizers are natural or synthetic materials added to the soil, plants or part of the plant which improves the growth, fertilization and yielding of the plants, this is achieved by either the fertilizers providing nutrients or enhancing effectiveness of the soil to aerate or increase its water retention.
Adjustment of actual soil composition promotes oxygenation and water absorption in the soil which increases yields and quality products as the soil is fertile.
Different nutrients have different purposes on the plants ,potassium gives strong growth, promotes flowering ;nitrogen gives plants better leaf growth while phosphorus enables in root ,flower and seed development.
As much as fertilizers improve soils fertility and yield production, they should be applied regarding some factors like the type of soil and plants as some can make their own nutrients from the atmosphere like legumes.
Aeration keeps circulation of oxygen and carbon dioxide steady making it better for the plants growth as accumulation of this carbon dioxide retards growth and if it exceeds, the crop may die.
There are microorganisms in the soil and needs oxygen for survival and without better aeration the microbial activity slows down affecting the crop growth.
Gases like carbon dioxide ,hydrogen sulphide gases and ferrous oxides are very toxic to the microorganism and if they mount on the crop might end up killing both of them or affecting flowering.
Apart from increasing yields, fertilizers also promote healthy growth of crops and quality yields while other nutrients give the power of faster fertilization and seed development like phosphorus.
Fertilizers increase the ability of plants to hold water and thus becoming more resistant in cases of drought; those containing potassium nutrient are the best as they help in strengthening of stalk and straws of plants.
Fertilizers improve soils fertility and texture which boots crop growth and this is best done by natural ones like manure which eradicate soil problems as they are non-toxic
Application of fertilizers and manures in the farm puts its aerated and fertile for a long period of time such that one needs not to put it in the next farming season even after cultivation.